Advantages and disadvantages of vegetarians

What do you consider as red meat? Red meat refers to all mammalian muscle meat, including, beef, veal, pork, lamb, mutton, horse, and goat.

Advantages and disadvantages of vegetarians

Several vegetarian and vegan nonprofit organizations in North America and Europe have introduced these icons for use on packaged food products and for display in restaurants. These organizations approve companies and restaurants to use their logos.

Along with these groups, many private companies have developed vegetarian and vegan icons for their own food items, including some large, mainstream corporations, such as Campbell's. This article will explain what these logos mean and discuss their reliability in assuring that a packaged food product is authentically vegetarian or vegan.

While doing research for this article, we discovered that every group or company has Advantages and disadvantages of vegetarians own guidelines for certifying a food product as vegetarian or vegan. This is not surprising given that, according to Geraldine June of the Office of Nutritional Products, Labeling, and Dietary Supplements at the Food and Drug Administration, there is no federal regulation of the word 'vegetarian' or 'vegan' in the United States.

All of the nonprofit groups and the private vegetarian and vegan companies that we researched share a two-fold motivation, ethics and marketing. They also use the logos to capitalize on the expanding markets for vegetarian and vegan packaged foods. All of the groups and companies do not hesitate to make this marketing claim on their websites.

The nonprofit groups listed in the accompanying chart are very similar in that they consider themselves 'third-party certifiers.

Advantages and disadvantages of vegetarians

They state that the fees they accept for their work cover the administrative costs of running the certification program and give the program legitimacy. Their symbol now also appears on vegan food products of several companies.

Two labels not listed in our Veggie Label Fact Table deserve mention. The Co-op UK charitable organization has two labels that it displays on some products in its own stores in the United Kingdom.

A red "X" placed over a letter on the Key will indicate that a food product does not meet requirements in that area. Here is a brief summary of the vegetarian and vegan food icons listed alphabetically in our Veggie Label Fact Table. National vegetarian groups administer the label in their respective countries.

At this time, the EVU label is displayed mostly on food products and in restaurants in Europe, although some products displaying the label may be exported to the United States. The EVU label is a vegetarian label, not a vegan label.

Therefore, foods containing egg and dairy ingredients may carry this label. However, eggs or egg products permitted in food products displaying this label must not be from caged hens. The only requirement for dairy products is that they must be free of animal enzymes. The EVU does not require that milk and milk products come from pastured free-roaming and not caged cows.

All food products displaying the EVU label must be free of animal byproducts, such as gelatin and lanolin. The six-page application for licensing rights to the EVU logo is the most comprehensive of all the icons considered in this report. Companies and restaurants compose a list of ingredients and additives in their food products, similar to the applications that other vegetarian and vegan food icons require.

These companies and restaurants must list specific ingredients in descending order by amounts. Applicants must also consider a long list of additives and indicate, one by one, whether they are used and if they are of animal origin. Furthermore, applicants for use of the EVU label must respond to several pages of detailed questions regarding their products' ingredients and must declare each food product as vegan, lacto-ovo vegetarian, lacto-vegetarian, or ovo-vegetarian.

If licensees should make ingredient changes in the food products that have been approved, they are required to inform the European group overseeing the symbol as stated in their trademark license agreement.

Licensing fees for use of the EVU vegetarian label vary from country to country. The EVU declined to reveal their fee schedule, citing their wish to allow national vegetarian groups "the possibility to set the fee according to the local situation.


According to Pichler, "About 95 percent of ingredient control is based on written specification and certificates by the companies and their suppliers. Although this control "doesn't replace our own, it helps to know that the production process is strictly regulated. According to the NFC website, their vegan certification standards mean that no animal, fish, milk, egg, or insect products or byproducts are in the certified foods, there has been "no co-mingling with the above mentioned products," and that there has not been any cross-contamination because of "kosher sanitation program protocols.

Advantages and disadvantages of vegetarians

NFC has a seven-page vegan certification application that involves submission of the certificates of analysis for each ingredient used and detailed product profile sheets.The religion Islam has one of the most comprehensive eating and dietary habits and one even wonders as to why all the strict rulings.

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Our team also researched the following given topics and tried to prepare the best possible answer. The Pros and Cons of Being a Vegetarian: What the Experts Say by More than 3 percent of U.S.

adults are vegetarians, according to a new study, "Vegetarianism in America," by Vegetarian Times. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the cancer research agency of WHO, has evaluated the carcinogenicity of the consumption of red meat and processed meat.

A Working Group of 22 experts from 10 countries convened by IARC classified the consumption of red meat as probably carcinogenic to humans and processed meat as carcinogenic to humans.

A few private companies now display their own vegetarian and vegan icons on their food products. Edward & Sons Trading Company is an American vegetarian company with worldwide product distribution that allows other companies to use their logo to .

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