Metaphysics substance, cause, form, potentiality Nicomachean Ethics soul, happiness, virtue, friendship Eudemain Ethics Politics best states, utopias, constitutions, revolutions Rhetoric elements of forensic and political debate Poetics tragedy, epic poetry 3. From their perspective, logic and reasoning was the chief preparatory instrument of scientific investigation.
At the age of 17, he moved to Athens to study philosophy with Plato at his Academy. Aristotle is renowned for his knowledge on practically every subject known by the Greeks at the time including Aristotle s beliefs, theater, science, ethics, biology, psychology, logic, metaphysics, poetry and more.
He then went to Asia, and on the island of Lesbos he studied hundreds of species of animals and fish. He developed an understanding of life as moving from the most simple to the most complex, known as the Great Chain of Being. Naturally, humans were at the top. Here, he would continue his biological studies as well as give lectures on philosophy.
Before Aristotle, there were two ways of evaluating arguments. The first was done by the sophists, teachers of rhetoric, who believed the most important thing was for an argument to be persuasive i.
In response to this, Socrates developed his own method the Socratic Method where he would use a series of questions to show others the wholes in their beliefs. What Aristotle did is he created a set of rules and a method for showing whether the conclusions of an argument actually follow from its premises i.
For example, he demonstrates Aristotle s beliefs is known as a syllogism: Thus, if all men are mortal, and Socrates is a man, it can be logically concluded that Socrates is a man. Aristotle recognized the importance of being clear when making a statement, seeing many of the philosophical puzzles of his time being the result of a confusion of terms.
For example, Zeno of Elea famously presented the paradox of a runner on a track. Zeno explains that because every distance can be infinitely divided into smaller distances, and because the sum of these infinite small distances would therefore be infinite, its impossible for the runner to complete the length of the track in a finite period of time.
The track is a finite length.
In this way, Aristotle dissolves the paradox. Like Platohe believed everything has a form. Aristotle would disagree with Plato on this point, which is the foundation of Platonic philosophy.
He saw the form not existing apart from the object, but rather a part of it. Everything in the world has both matter and form. Likewise, Plato believed that the philosopher was someone who could recognize the Forms and this allowed them to understand the world. For Aristotle, the philosopher was someone who through his experience of the world, recognized the forms that things take.
This difference would develop in modern times into the schools of rationalism the belief that knowledge comes from reason and empiricism the belief that knowledge comes from experience.
For Aristotle, knowledge is attained through experience, inducted and abstracted, and ultimately recognized by the intuition as being true. This has served as the foundation of the scientific method every since. Aristotle understood metaphysics as the first principles for explaining reality.
He recognized that everything has four causes: The material cause is the material which it is made of ex: In ancient Greece, four primary elements had been recognized to exist: Aristotle embraced this understanding of the world, and added aether as a fifth element to explain the nature of the stars and planets.
Aristotle recognized that living things, in addition to bodies, also have a soul. For Aristotle, a plant has a vegetative soul. Animals also have a vegetative soul. Animals also have a vegetative soul, but additionally they also have a sensitive soul.
Humans have both the vegetative soul and sensitive soul, and a unique third soul which he called the rational soul. It is the rational soul which allows humans to live a virtuous life.Teleology is the study of the ends or purposes that things serve, and Aristotle’s emphasis on teleology has repercussions throughout his philosophy.
Aristotle believed that the best way to understand why things are the way they are is to understand what purpose they were designed to serve.
For. Aristotle’s doctrine of the Mean is reminiscent of Buddha’s Middle Path, but there are intriguing differences. For Aristotle the mean was a method of achieving virtue, but for Buddha the Middle Path referred to a peaceful way of life which negotiated the extremes of harsh asceticism and .
Aristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher born in Stagira, Macedonia (a city in Northern Greece) in BC. At the age of 17, he moved to Athens to study philosophy with Plato at his Academy.
Together, Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates (Plato’s teacher) are seen as . Apr 02, · I'm doing a report on Aristotle's Beliefs and accomplishments. And I would love the help and information that anyone can produce.
All I need in the source. Thanks SOO rutadeltambor.com: Resolved. Aristotle also perceived God in the beginning as well as the end as the prime mover and in the present as completely actual in contrast to the concept of potential.
Aristotle also gave many lectures on the sciences of astronomy, meteorology, and biology. Aristotle was a pioneering figure in the history of philosophy and science, and his thinking had a significant effect in shaping Western culture.
He studied under Plato, who was a student of Socrates. Aristotle’s unique brand of thought stemmed from his dislike of the theory of .