As Hacker herself says, these patterns are "sometimes called methods of development.
Patterns for Presenting Information Specific-to-General Pattern The specific-to-general pattern reverses the one we just discussed.
A paragraph written in this order begins with the details and leads the reader to the generalization, which may be the thesis or the conclusion.
We can use the previous example to show how this order reverses the general-to-specific pattern.
Example of a Specific-to-General Pattern The skills needed to write range from making the appropriate graphic marks, through utilizing the resources of the chosen language, to anticipating the reactions of the intended readers. The first skill area involves acquiring a writing system, which may be alphabetic as in European languages or nonalphabetic as in many Asian languages.
The second skill area requires selecting the appropriate grammar and vocabulary to form acceptable sentences and then arranging them in paragraphs. Third, writing involves thinking about the purpose of the text to be composed and about its possible effects on the intended readership.
One important aspect of this last feature is the choice of a suitable style. This pattern is as compelling as the general-to-specific pattern.
As you lead the reader through your thinking, you can build some suspense before your concluding statement.
This pattern is especially useful for writing that seeks to discover the nature of a problem and the possible solutions by carefully analyzing their details. For example, in writing a diagnosis of organizational problems, a writer might use inductive reasoning to find the major problems by examining the symptoms.
These results may be presented in a specific-to-general order. In scientific reasoning, this pattern is often used with inductive reasoning, where facts or observations about a situation are evaluated to determine whether a generalization can be made.
The specific-to-general approach leads the reader to a general conclusion by first presenting detailed support of that conclusion. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without prior written permission of the copyright holder.
All links to external sites were verified at the time of publication. UMUC is not responsible for the validity or integrity of information located at external sites.When we talk about effective writing, we often think first about elements like word choice, grammar and mechanics, and content or evidence.
Still other principles of organization based on emphasis include general-to-specific order, specific-to general order, most-familiar-to-least-familiar.
Use an inductive organizational structure to surprise readers or to address controversial topics. While writers are under increasing pressure to organize information deductively, they can--and do- .
In general, you do not need to end a body paragraph with a transitional sentence if the next paragraph is the conclusion. Claims and Facts To write an effective persuasive paragraph, you have to understand the differences between claims and facts.
This type of paragraph is used not only to present the topic and organization of the paper but also to grab the reader's attention. When writing the introduction, it is . Example of a General-to-Specific Pattern. Writing is a complex sociocognitive process involving the construction of recorded messages on paper or on some other material, and, more recently, on a computer screen.
In drafting a descriptive paragraph, how are the details organized if you use spatial order as the organizing principle? a)from most general to most specific b)by physical position or relationship to each other c)by the date each.