Indian, Hindu, Bharati Orientation Identification. India constitutes the largest part of the subcontinental land mass of South Asia, an area it shares with six other countries, including Nepal, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. It has highly variable landforms, that range from torrid plains, tropical islands, and a parched desert to the highest mountain range in the world.
Indian, Hindu, Bharati Orientation Identification. India constitutes the largest part of the subcontinental land mass of South Asia, an area it shares with six other countries, including Nepal, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
It has highly variable landforms, that range from torrid plains, tropical islands, and a parched desert to the highest mountain range in the world. India, on the southern subcontinent of Asia, is bounded on the northwest by Pakistan; on the north by China and Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan; on the northeast by Bangladesh and Burma Myanmar ; and on the southwest and southeast by the Indian Ocean, with the island republics of Sri Lanka and the Maldives to the south.
Excluding small parts of the country that are currently occupied by Chinese or Pakistani military forces, the area of the Republic of India is 1, square miles 3, square kilometers. The census enumerated , residents, including , women, and million people defined as urban dwellers.
However, with a population growth rate estimated at 17 per one thousand inby May the national figure reached one billion. Life expectancy in the census was sixty years, and in it was estimated that almost 5 percent of the population was age 65 or older.
The population is still primarily rural, with 73 percent of the population in living outside the cities and towns. Inthe largest urban centers were Bombay or Mumbai 12,Calcutta or Kolkata 11,Delhi 8,Madras or Chennai 5,Hyderabad 4,and Bangalore 4, There are four major language families, each with numerous languages.
Indo-Aryan, a branch of Indo-European, covers the northern half of the country, and the Dravidian family covers the southern third.
In the middle regions a number of tribal languages of the Munda or Austroasiatic family are spoken. In the northeastern hills, numerous Tibeto-Burman languages are spoken.
The national flag, which was adopted inis a tricolor of deep saffron, white, and green, in horizontal bands with green at the bottom. In the center of the white band is a blue wheel, the chakrawhich also appears on the lion column-capital of the Emperor Asoka at Sarnath.
This carving, which is over 2, years old, is also a national emblem that is preserved in the Sarnath Museum. The sandstone carving features four lions back to back, separated by wheels chakrathe wheel of lawstanding over a bell-shaped lotus. The whole carving once was surmounted by the wheel of law.
The national anthem is a song composed by Rabindranath Tagore in entitled Jana-gana mana. The nearly useless Saka-era calendar also may be considered a national symbol, adopted in and still often used officially alongside the Gregorian calendar.
History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. India has a history going back thousands of years and a prehistory going back hundreds of thousands of years. There was a long phase of Paleolithic hunting and gathering cultures parallel in time and characteristics with the Paleolithic peoples of Europe and East Asia.
This was followed, eight thousand to ten thousand years ago, by the development of settled agricultural communities in some areas.
Inthe first genuinely urban civilization in the Indus Valley and western India India emerged. After its disappearance around B. Buddhism, Jainism, Hinduism, and Sikhism.
Despite the extent of the Empire of Asoka — B. India was ruled by the British government after through a viceroy and a council, although several hundred "princely states" continued to maintain a measure of independence. The Indian National Congress, founded inslowly moved from a position of advisor and critic for the British administration toward demanding the transference of power to native Indian politicians.
Inthe Indian National Congress, led by Jawaharlal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi, adopted a policy of civil disobedience with a view to achieving full national independence.
It was to be a long struggle, but independence was achieved inwith the condition that predominantly Muslim areas in the north would form a separate country of Pakistan. Mohammed Ali Jinnah was to be Pakastani's first prime minister, while Nehru became the prime minister of the Republic of India.
The departure of the colonial authorities, including the British armed forces, was peaceful, but the splitting off of Pakistan caused a massive population movement and bloodshed on both sides as a result of "communal passions. National identity is not a major political issue; regional identity and the mother tongue seem to be more important.comment faire une dissertation queue de cheval haute facile karl marx dissertation new york tribune health research papers authority manchester marketing mix.
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