Advanced Search Abstract Background. Ethnic minority patients seem to be confronted with barriers when using health services.
However, advanced modern technology has made methods such as geographic mapping more accessible to Human Services. One such example is geographic or geospatial information systems GIS. GIS is an important tool for communities that want to define and target geographic problems commonly faced when helping the homeless.
Although GIS can transform the way we understand homelessness, many communities are either unaware of this tool, or are unsure of how to use it. This article explains how GIS relates to homelessness, and how to use it to solve three specific problems in homeless services: Social and environmental factors 3.
Hard-to-reach youth populations GIS technology enables us to better understand and thus respond to these three common problems. We can identify patterns in accessibility issues, clarify the relationship between various social and environmental factors, and locate and serve seemingly invisible homeless youth populations.
Definition of a geographic or geospatial information system GIS: A system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of spatial or geographical data. GIS links data to its geographical location.
GIS Lounge describes this well, explaining that GIS incorporates spatial data data that in some way references locations on the earth with attribute data additional information about the spatial data in order to map, analyze, and assess real-world problems.
For example, the actual location e. So, homeless-services providers can use GIS technology to combine spatial data with attribute data to solve challenges in their communities using strategies they never even knew existed. There are several different ways to access data from geographic information systems: Specific HMIS software systems are integrated with data visualization tools that can combine map data visualization with powerful analytics.
This means that data entry, reporting, and GIS techniques can all be conducted in a single interface without having to switch between softwares and applications. All the data you need is there at your fingertips. GIS software, tools, and services.
There is a broad range of stand-alone i. You can view an extensive list of options here. Lack of Access to Housing and Services For many communities, homeless services are already established. Shelters are in place, affordable housing is increasing, and service providers are ready to accommodate.
However, there are still structural barriers, i. Using information gathered from a geographic information system, one question we can answer is Where are the homeless located in relation to where housing and service providers are located? GIS technology can identify the correlation between the locales where the homeless are concentrated and where shelters, affordable housing, and services are located.
By combining a layer of zip code data with a layer of addresses for service providers and housing, you could generate a map that easily visualizes this data.
For example, the map below combines two sets of data—locations of homeless populations, and locations of public and affordable housing—to study whether resources are located near those in need.
As Geospatial Solutions notes, this data visualization shows larger concentrations of the homeless population located near downtown and the South of Market area where there are only a few scattered public housing sites.
However, there is much more public housing grouped together in Chinatown. This information is important, and should be used to inform future decisions about where to locate resources. The goal of Southern Nevada will be to produce a map outlining this data to inform decisions for more targeted outreach and funding needs.
GIS can answer other questions, such as: How accessible is public transportation in these areas? Understanding the issues that affect accessibility is key to such decisions as shelter policies and program design. Social and environmental factors vary for each community, making it important to study the specific neighborhoods in which homeless populations live.
A geographic information system can help communities do just this. Examples include What neighborhoods host the most Section 8 Vouchers? Communities can map where clients with vouchers are being housed in real-time.
This requires a data visualization tool that is integrated directly with an HMIS to ensure homeless clients are not collectively housed in the same area, preventing the artificial creation of isolated, low-income neighborhoods.
Another great example comes from a New Republic article, exploring the correlation between where Section 8 vouchers are used and where other factors are prominent, such as race, income, education, unemployment, and teen pregnancy. This data is shown below. HUD affirms that when voucher holders are placed in already-existing bad neighborhoods with minimal job opportunities, low high school graduation rates, and high crime rates, the chances of escaping homelessness are greatly reduced.
GIS can answer other related questions such as Which criminalization measures are in place within certain areas? Having a clear visualization of this data can help service providers decide where to focus community interventions such as health screenings, vaccines, and rapid re-housing programs.human services identify three barriers to services,planning,funding,or empowerment in a selected aspect of human rutadeltambor.com does community development help address these barriers?
How applications could be utilized as a means to overcome each. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), Maternal and Child Health Bureau transition planning) based on the education and training received.
Use of Information Technology to Improve the Quality of Health Care in the United States three PBRNs are developing interactive surveillance systems to recognize bioterrorism events. Translating Research into Practice (TRIP) to integrate and simplify the collection and reporting of patient safety data from the Department of Health and.
A modern example is the rise of communication technology, which has lessened barriers to human interaction and as a result has helped and policymakers in the late 20th century, in part because the debate can inform the funding of basic and applied science.
Technology-based planning is what was used to build the US industrial.
The Future of Health Services Research: Advancing Health Systems Research and Practice in the United States Current HSR News Nov 21, Can Analysis of . In , when the Internet was known as the DARPAnet and the World Wide Web was nothing more than a glint in a creative student's mind, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality funded its first project in medical informatics.
1 Since then, the Agency has continued to support research and development projects in the use of information.